London, Feb uary 27: A team of astronomers from Colombia has traced the origin of the meteor that struck central Russia earlier this month injuring about 1,000 people.
They used amateur video footage to plot the meteor’s trajectory through Earth’s atmosphere and then reconstruct its orbit around the Sun.
They suggest that the Chelyabinsk meteor (labelled ChM) appears to have been on an elliptical orbit around the Sun before it collided with Earth, according to the BBC.
As the space rock burned up over the city of Chelyabinsk, the shockwave blew out windows and rocked buildings.
Numerous videos of the fireball were taken with camera phones, CCTV and car-dashboard cameras and subsequently shared widely on the web. Furthermore, traffic camera footage of the fireball had precise time and date stamps.
Early estimates of the meteor’s mass put it at ten tones, but US space agency NASA later estimated it to be between 7,000 and 10,000 tonnes. The agency also estimated the size of the object was about 17m (55ft).
With the help of the footage and considering the location of an impact into Lake Chebarkul, Jorge Zuluaga and Ignacio Ferrin, from the University of Antioquia in Medellin were able to use simple trigonometry to calculate the height, speed and position of the rock as it fell to Earth.
To reconstruct the meteor’s original orbit around the Sun, they used six different properties of its trajectory through Earth’s atmosphere. Most of these are related to the point at which the meteor becomes bright enough to cast a noticeable shadow in the videos.
The researchers then plugged their figures into astronomy software developed by the US Naval Observatory.
The results suggest the meteor belongs to a well known family of space rocks – known as the Apollo asteroids – that cross Earth’s orbit.
Of about 9,700 near-Earth asteroids discovered so far, about 5,200 are thought to be Apollos.
“It certainly looks like it was a member of the Apollo class of asteroids. Its elliptical, low inclination orbit, indicates a solar system origin, most likely from the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter,” Dr Stephen Lowry, from the University of Kent, told BBC News.
“Perhaps with more data, we can determine roughly where in the asteroid belt it come from,” Dr Lowry added.
The team has published details of their finding on the Arxiv website. (ANI)