New Delhi, Sep 8: Minister for Agriculture and Food Processing Industries Sharad Pawar on Saturday invited ASEAN countries to collaborate with India in farm research so as to face common challenges such as climate change.
He also offered to share India’s vast experience in agriculture with ASEAN nations.
Pawar, who was speaking at the third ASEAN-India Ministerial Meeting on Agriculture at Kuala Lumpur, elaborated on the importance of ASEAN-India cooperation in farm sector.
“The report of the Inter Governmental Panel on Climate Change has projected rise of average temperature, intensification of rains resulting in floods, enhanced frequency of natural disasters, new biotic stresses etc., thus threatening the growth and sustainability of the agricultural sector. The severity of these climatic events is also likely to more in the South and South East Asia region,” said Pawar.
“A National Initiative on Climate resilient Agriculture (NICRA) has been launched [in India] to assess the impact of climate change on agriculture and allied sectors in the country and evolve cost effective adaptation and mitigation strategies,” he added.
Pawar said there are also other formidable challenges such as shrinking land base, dwindling water resources, shortage of farm labour, and increasing costs and uncertainties associated with volatility in international markets.
“Diversification towards higher value crops and livestock remains the best way not only to improve farm incomes and accelerate growth, but also to reduce stress on natural resources which form farmers’ production base. The challenges are common to the region and their impacts often cut across the national borders,” said Pawar.
“These call for a strong research support to harness the potential of modern science, encourage innovations in technology generation, and provide for an enabling policy and investment support. Some of the critical areas such as genomics, molecular breeding, diagnostics and vaccines, nanotechnology, secondary agriculture, farm mechanization, energy efficiency, agri-incubators and technology dissemination need to be given priority,” he added.
Pawar said the multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional approach in research is the present day need given the fact that technology generation is increasingly getting knowledge and capital intensive.
“New technological tools especially through genetic engineering need to be employed more aggressively to build tolerance to various abiotic and biotic stresses that inhibit crop yields,” he added.
Emphasizing the importance of agriculture in mitigating poverty, Pawar said, “In my country studies have shown that one percent growth in agriculture sector is two times more effective in poverty eradication than growth in other sectors.”
Stressing that agriculture and food security are today occupying centre stage in the political economy of nations and in global interactions, Pawar said the countries are realizing that it is not just the growth in GDP, or the strength of their standing armies, or the reserves of mineral and oil wealth, but the ability to ensure food and nutrition security at affordable and stable prices in an ecologically sustainable paradigm that guarantees long term peace and stability to a nation.
“And the best support that nations can give to each other is not assistance in food – but assistance in revamping farm economies and growing food, in sharing information about seeds, technologies, equipment, policies and institutional support measures to achieve the above objectives,” he added.
Pawar further said one of the major challenges confronting agriculture in India as well as ASEAN countries is to achieve the goal of faster but inclusive economic growth in a sustainable manner.
“The principles of enhanced productivity, profitability, environmental and human safety remain at the core of the development. With enormous wealth of natural resources and expertise available in the region mutual cooperation between India and ASEAN States could play a significant role in the development process in the region and also ensure a faster progress,” he added.
Expressing satisfaction over the progress made in farm cooperation in the last one year, Pawar noted that the Conference of Heads of Agricultural Universities and Research Institutions of ASEAN and India held at New Delhi a few months back identified strategies on the modalities of cooperation and focused on the exchange of scientists, networking amongst the Institutions and fellowships for promoting higher agricultural education.
The discussions were helpful in identifying key areas of mutual interest with the aim of enhancing agricultural productivity to meet challenges of food security as well as enhancing their accessibility to global market.
The third meeting of the ASEAN-India Working Group on Agriculture and Forestry held in May, 2013 in India identified the research projects of mutual interest. (ANI)