Washington, April 7: Researchers have suggested that conflicts between work and home-in both directions-are an important contributor to the risk of burnout.
Dr Victoria Blom of Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, and colleagues evaluated the relationship between work-home interference and burnout risk in a study of nearly 4,500 Swedish twins.
Twin studies provide unique information on familial factors-genetics and early life experiences-affecting health and illness.
The study looked at two types of work-home interference: work-home conflict, when work demands interfere with home life; and home-work conflict, when private life interferes with work roles. Burnout was defined as depression, emotional exhaustion, and feeling run down.
Women perceived more burnout than men, and also felt slightly more work-home conflict (work demands interfering with work life). Home-work conflict (home demands interfering with work roles) was similar between the sexes.
Both types of work-home interference were related to burnout. On comparisons of twin pairs, genetic factors contributed to the association between home-work conflict and burnout in women.
The study also found a “rather direct” association between work-home conflict and burnout, unaffected by age, education, job demands, or children living at home.
The study has been published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. (ANI)